Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani was an influential Iranian politician, writer and one of the founding fathers of the Islamic Republic who was the fourth President of Iran from 3 August 1989 until 3 August 1997.
The Assembly of Experts (Persian: مجلس خبرگان رهبری, majles-e khobregân-e rahbari) —also translated as the Assembly of Experts of the Leadership or as the Council of Experts— is the deliberative body empowered to designate and dismiss the Supreme Leader of Iran.
Another instance is when Khamenei indirectly called the late Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani a traitor for a statement he made causing Rafsanjani to retract it.
The President of Iran (Persian: رئیسجمهور ایران Rayis Jomhur-e Irān) is the head of government of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Ali Khamenei, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Khatami, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Hassan Rouhani were each elected president for two terms.
The Expediency Discernment Council of the System (Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام Majma' Taškhīs Maslahat Nezām) is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 6 February 1988.
Eight months before the end of the council, chairman Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani dies and Ali Movahedi-Kermani became interim chairman until the end of the council period.
The Iranian presidential election of 1989 took place on July 28, 1989, after the death of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and the selection of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the previous President of Iran, as the new Supreme Leader of Iran.
Out of the seventy-nine candidates registered to run, only two were approved by the Council Of Guardians, which resulted in a very predictable win by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, the previous speaker of Majlis.
The Iranian presidential election of 1993 took place on June 11, 1993 which resulted in the re-election of the incumbent president, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.
Iran's ninth presidential election took place in two rounds, the first on 17 June 2005, the run-off on 24 June.
This was widely seen as an attempt to limit the participation of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and Mehdi Karroubi.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (Persian: محمود احمدینژاد, Mahmud Ahmadenezhâdborn 28 October 1956) is an Iranian politician who served as the sixth President of Iran from 2005 to 2013.
Ahmadinejad won 62% of the vote in the run-off poll against Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.